Now Available – Bilingual Catechism

I am pleased to announce the release of a resource I developed several years ago, now to a wider market. It is a basic bilingual catechism (Spanish/English). This resource meets a pastoral need that I have encountered over and over again: in working with Latino immigrants, I have found that a very large number of them have little formal education in the Catholic faith. Many come to the Church as adults to make their first communion — some, even, to be baptized! When faced with pastoral situations such as this, it is helpful for the pastor or catechist to have a basic resource to put in their hands: something that can be a sort of “springboard” for learning what is needed for sacramental preparation and personal spiritual growth. I have also found that many individuals who already have their sacraments enjoy this resource for “brushing up on the basics” of their faith.

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Click image to go to the sale page

This slim volume, at 98 pages, entitled Our Wonderful Catholic Faith, has a number of features that I think are quite useful:

  • It is in large print (helpful for the many immigrants who have poor eyesight and have never been able to remedy that due to their financial situation)
  • It is completely bilingual (helpful especially for the second generation – those born here – who live in “both worlds” and who need to know their faith in both languages; also helpful for those who still only speak Spanish but need to learn English in order to integrate better into American society)
  • It is attractively priced (at just under $5.00 per volume – notwithstanding coupons that you might find on sites like Retailmenot.com – making it affordable for pastors and catechists to buy multiple copies and even re-sell them at a modest profit; also making it affordable for those of modest financial means, like many immigrants)
  • A complete preview is available online (on the sale page, there is a small “Preview” link that you can click on to thumb through every page of the book on your web browser and so know what you are buying in advance)

As you will see from the online preview (accessible via a small link under the cover image on the sale page), this book has several sections: Basic Prayers (including the beautiful rhyming prayers often used in Spanish), Formulas of Catholic Doctrine (often in list format, either for memorization or reference), Questions and Answers (101 total, touching upon the main tenets of the faith in a non-exhaustive manner), How to Confess Well (including a basic examination of conscience suitable for children – when this book will be used by adults, a more complete examen should be inserted), and a section on Indulgences (this may seem somewhat esoteric to some, but I am convinced that by teaching the spirituality of indulgences we can be most effective at encouraging regular worthy reception of the sacraments).

A pastor faced with helping an adult immigrant prepare to complete his Christian initiation could give him a copy of this book, encourage him to study it, and then meet with him on several occasions to “flesh out” the relevant sections and understand them better. An Hispanic family (with bilingual children) that wants to practice daily family prayer could use the prayer section of this book as a guide, ensuring that their children not only learn their prayers in Spanish but can see them in English also. A seminarian charged with learning Spanish could find in this book a good reference for things not easily found elsewhere.

This book does not pretend to be exhaustive: there is much more that I could have included in it, such as “How to pray the Rosary”, the Stations of the Cross, more Q&A, the Liturgical Year, etc. But I saw the need for something more basic. Perhaps in the future I will be able to develop a more comprehensive resource. This book is not meant to replace official Church catechisms, such as the “Catechism of the Catholic Church”, but rather is to serve as an introduction to such official resources.

To learn more and/or to place an order, GO HERE (click). Remember to check the web site Retailmenot.com, typing “Lulu.com” in the search box — often there are great coupons available. (As of this posting on 11/26/16 there is a 35% off coupon available!)

Please share this resource with your pastor, DRE, other parish staff, seminarians, and other possibly interested parties!

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Christmas Gift Ideas for Priests

nativity-initial

Several visitors to the blog have arrived via Google search on “Christmas gift ideas for priests” or the like in the last week or so. I have posted on this in the past, but figured I should post an update with some additional thoughts – since several kind folks are apparently wanting them! In addition, if you search the web, you will find other sites that provide suggestions.

1. A Prayer Commitment – Priests are used to signing Mass cards for others, but rarely receive the gift of a Mass card for their intentions (if you request one, maybe go to another parish, so another priest fulfills the intention). Spiritual bouquets and other prayer commitments, also, are always appreciated. Priests need prayer in a particular way, since the devil is like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour (1 Peter 5:8) and especially targets priests; also, it is always a consolation to know that people are praying for you in a special way.

2. Cash (for a diocesan priest – religious orders have different policies about whether their priests may accept cash, or indeed, any gift) – Most priests have certain things they would buy if they had the extra money: perhaps a special vestment, a plane ticket, a new cassock, or any number of other things. Cash (or check) is always appreciated.

3. Booze – Usually the priest’s secretary knows what kind of whisky/bourbon he likes, wine, etc. It’s well known that there are some priests with drinking problems (priests are people too…) – also, if you get the sense that your priest struggles with loneliness, this gift may not be a good idea in his case. But if he is well-adjusted and tends to stay busy, then this should be a safe and much-appreciated gift.

4. Gift Cards – Again, the parish secretary may know which restaurants Father likes or which store he buys his black socks at. Car wash gift cards are a great idea as well! Is there a full-service car wash in town where they will also do the vacuuming and waxing for you? Even better.

5. Books – This can get a little tricky, since many priests, on the one hand, do not have a whole lot of time to read nowadays (definitely not a good thing), and on the other hand, tend to have their own interests with regard to which authors/subjects/genres to read. But I will recommend two books that Father might be less likely to have and that would be edifying for him: A Man Approved (see my post about it here) and In Sinu Iesu (recently published – see here). (If you’re not sure, Amazon gift cards always work great.)

These are the items that immediately come to mind… if anyone recommends anything else, feel free to leave a comment and I may add it to the list. Thank you for your kindness and generosity to your priest(s)!

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Christmas Greetings to Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict

It’s time once again for many to start thinking about their Christmas cards. My post last year about sending cards to Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict was very popular. I again want to share their addresses, for those who might want to include them on their list. Here is that post, with a new image (click to go to an interesting online shop):

martlet-xmas-card

If you’d like to send Christmas greetings to Pope Francis and/or Pope Emeritus Benedict, these are the addresses that you may use:

His Holiness, Pope Francis
Domus Sanctae Marthae
00120 Vatican City-State
Europe

His Holiness, Pope Emeritus
Benedict XVI
Mater Ecclesiae Monastery
00120 Vatican City-State
Europe

Traditionally, the Vatican Secretariat of State (which handles a lot of the incoming mail) will send a Christmas holy card in gratitude for the greetings sent to the Holy Father. I can’t guarantee that you will get one, but this is what happened in the past. And of course, it’s not known for certain if the Pope will ever get to see your card, but it is the thought that counts and there is the chance that he will!

It’s nice also to send a Christmas card to your local bishop and your parish priest (and to anyone else whose “family” is the Church – so, local convents/monasteries as well)!

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Pastoral Care of Gravely Ill Children

One of the sadder tasks that priests have is that of assisting families with a child who is gravely ill. It happens every so often that I will be called to a hospital or home by such a family. Often they request the Anointing of the Sick. But that is not always the sacrament that is really needed. I have written here before about how there is a lot of confusion surrounding this sacrament.

When a child has not yet attained the use of reason (usually attained by the age of 7),  then the Anointing of the Sick is not the proper sacrament to strengthen him or her in the face of serious illness. What he/she needs, instead, is Confirmation. Following, then, is a write-up I have done on this topic:

* * *

About Confirming Younger Children Who Are In Danger Of Death

Anointing of the Sick – for those who have reached the use of reason

From the General Introduction to the Pastoral Care of the Sick (the ritual book that has the rites for Anointing in it):

“12. Sick children are to be anointed if they have sufficient use of reason to be strengthened by this sacrament. In case of doubt whether a child has reached the use of reason, the sacrament is to be conferred.”

(The age of reason is traditionally held to be around about the age of 7 for children who have normal development.)

From the Code of Canon Law:

“Can.  1004 §1. The anointing of the sick can be administered to a member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger due to sickness or old age.”

Confirmation – the Sacrament for Children in Danger of Death

Since those who are baptized but have not yet reached the use of reason are not to be anointed, Confirmation is the sacrament which they are to receive when they are in danger of death. They have not sinned, so there is no need to have the forgiveness of their sins (which anointing can provide); not having the use of reason, they do not yet have subjective faith (which anointing strengthens). Therefore, what they need, in order to be strengthened in soul and body, is the Sacrament of Confirmation, which gives them the fullness of the Holy Spirit and configures them more fully to Christ.

“Can.  891 The sacrament of confirmation is to be conferred on the faithful at about the age of discretion unless the conference of bishops has determined another age, or there is danger of death, or in the judgment of the minister a grave cause suggests otherwise.”

Confirmation, as we know, strengthens us also to preserve and live out our faith. If (as we pray) the child recovers, then, he will have an advantage over his peers who will not be confirmed until the age of 12 or 13: he will have the gift of the Holy Spirit to accompany him and remind him of God’s healing, helping him to live out his faith and resist the many temptations of the world.

Ordinarily a Bishop is the one who confers the Sacrament of Confirmation; under ordinary circumstances, a priest must be delegated by the Bishop to confirm. However, in situations of danger of death, every priest may confer the Sacrament of Confirmation by the law itself:

“Can.  883 The following possess the faculty of administering confirmation by the law itself: […] 3/ as regards those who are in danger of death, the pastor or indeed any presbyter [priest].”

May the Holy Spirit heal our dear sick younger brothers and sisters in Christ and console their families and friends during their time of sorrow and distress!

* * *

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Norcia

No doubt, by now, you have heard the news about the damage done in the idyllic central Italian town of Norcia by the recent earthquakes. At first there was only damage but not total destruction… but then there were more quakes and now there is great destruction. A largely-American group of Benedictine Monks had been rebuilding an ancient monastery there and contributing greatly to the life of the town and the life of the Church. They need our support, as now their Basilica – which sat on the place where St. Benedict was born – as well as every other church in the town has been flattened.

Be sure to take a look at their web site, which includes a blog with regular updates, information about their popular beer, details about the earthquake, and how to donate. You can also find them on Facebook and get their emails. Perhaps you can include them in your year-end giving. Click the image below to go to their site.

Click image to visit the Benedictine Monks of Norcia

Click image to visit the Benedictine Monks of Norcia

And let us say a prayer for all those who have died in this time of unspeakable natural disasters, from Italy to Haiti and in so many other places.

Eternal rest grant unto them, O Lord…

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Pastors Should Take A Pyx “Collection”

collection-basket

A post on this blog that has received a lot of traffic and generated a lot of contacts from readers is the one I wrote on PYX PROBLEMS a little over a year ago. Many good people had already noticed some of the problems I highlighted and shared my concerns; others have been enlightened by what I shared and have updated their own practices.

In this regard, I want to encourage pastors to take up a collection of pyxes in their parishes. Given the ease of acquiring pyxes nowadays from any religious catalog or store, as well as the way that many parishes hand them out to anyone who wants to bring Holy Communion to the sick (often with little to no instruction on how to do it), it is certain that in many if not most parishes, several people have pyxes at home.

This means that many people have pyxes at home which have not been purified. Those visible particles that remain are the Real Presence of Our Lord Jesus Christ! Thus, these people are effectively reserving the Blessed Sacrament in their home unawares! And this, of course, is not permitted.

Pastors can try to address this problem and improve the general situation by making an appeal to parishioners to bring any and all pyxes that they have at home back to church as soon as possible to be purified. (Be sure to say: Do not open the pyx, simply bring it closed and as-is and Father will take care of it!)

In the case of pyxes that have push buttons, spring actions, and other little crevices where particles can become lodged (see my prior post), I recommend soaking them in a container of water for at least a week, carefully pouring that water down the sacrarium, giving everything (including the container) another rinse into the sacrarium, then letting everything air dry. This will likely render those pyxes unusable (which is fine – they shouldn’t have been used to begin with, being of inferior design) and then they can be buried. The same fate should await those with plastic linings (be sure to soak etc. then bury). In short, this is a good opportunity to take some problematic pyxes out of circulation. It is also a good opportunity to educate people about this important topic, since the integrity of the Holy Eucharist (and therefore, of souls!) is at stake.

Those who have a well-designed pyx and who are not willing to surrender it can then at least have it purified and receive instruction about the proper use of it in the future.

Fathers, if you have people who regularly help you bring communion to the sick, you should instruct them to bring their pyx regularly for purification. It says right in the ritual for visiting the sick that the purification is done after Holy Communion is given. Yet so many never have their pyxes purified. When I can’t purify my pyx right away, I put it in the tabernacle.

We really have a catch-22 situation right now: lay people can use pyxes and bring holy communion to people who need it, but lay people are not permitted to purify sacred vessels; meanwhile, many priests have not thought this through and taken concrete steps to remedy it. One hopes that some day, something will be done to address all of this… Until then, hopefully we can at least improve the situation somewhat.

O Sacrament most holy! O Sacrament divine! All praise and all thanksgiving be every moment Thine!

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A New Postulant!

I’ve posted here a number of times about the excellent Dominican Nuns in Marbury, Alabama. Recently I sent them a prayer request – as I occasionally do – and they responded not only saying that they would pray for it, but with a request of their own: to pray for their new postulant. This is exciting news for their community, and I will be sure to pray for that intention – I hope you will as well.

On this vigil of the Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary – a very special feast day for the nuns – let’s be sure to say some special prayers for them.

Here is the news on their blog:

Welcoming our new Postulant, Sister Anna

new-postulant-2016The Dominican Nuns joyfully announce the entrance of our new postulant, Sister Anna, on October 1.

Sister Anna comes to us from Bethel, Ohio, a small town east of Cincinnati.  She first learned of our community in 2006 when another young woman from her local homeschool group entered our monastery.  Would she herself become a nun?  “I could never pray that much!” she thought. […]

Read the full story on their blog!

Don’t forget to SUPPORT THE SISTERS – they need our help!

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Cardinal Sarah Again Addresses Ad Orientem Worship

I would like to call your attention to Sandro Magister’s latest column, in which he presents the upcoming book of Cardinal Robert Sarah. In particular, the excellent Cardinal again speaks about “ad orientem” worship. I quote:

“FACING EAST” (par. 254)

It is not enough simply to prescribe more silence. In order for everyone to understand that the liturgy turns us interiorly toward the Lord, it would be helpful during the celebration for us all together, priests and faithful, to face the east, symbolized by the apse.

This practice remains absolutely legitimate. It is in keeping with the letter and the spirit of the Council. There is no lack of testimonies from the first centuries of the Church. “When we stand up to pray, we face the east,” says Saint Augustine, echoing a tradition that dates back, according to Saint Basil, to the Apostles themselves. Churches having been designed for the prayer of the first Christian communities, the apostolic constitutions of the 4th century recommended that they be turned to the east. And when the altar is facing west, as at Saint Peter’s in Rome, the celebrant must turn toward the orient and face the people.

This bodily orientation of prayer is nothing other than the sign of an interior orientation. [. . .] Does the priest not invite the people of God to follow him at the beginning of the great Eucharistic prayer when he says” “Let us lift up our heart,” to which the people respond: “We turn it toward the Lord”?

As prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, I am intent upon recalling once again that celebration “versus orientem” is authorized by the rubrics of the Missal because it is of apostolic tradition. There is no need for particular authorization to celebrate in this way, people and priest, facing the Lord. If it is physically not possible to celebrate “ad orientem,” a cross must necessarily be placed on the altar, in plain sight, as a point of reference for all. Christ on the cross is the Christian East.

Read the whole article to see more of what the good cardinal has to say. I look forward to this book.

HERE: My previous post on this topic as it relates to Cardinal Sarah.

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Where Things Stand With Père Hamel

A folio from the "Book of Hours of the Use of Rouen"

A folio from the “Book of Hours of the Use of Rouen”

Several weeks back, upon the news of Fr. Jacques Hamel’s assassination in France at the hands of Muslim terrorists, I put up a post questioning whether it was really wise to jump to the conclusion that he was a martyr (as many were doing, and I certainly sympathized with it). The Church has clear guidelines for determining martyrdom, and at that point, we simply did not have the answers to all the questions.

Since then, we have gained some details about Fr. Hamel’s last words (Begone, Satan!) and some of the other circumstances that surrounded his death. And these have reaffirmed the idea that he may well have been a martyr. I still think that it would be irresponsible for us, in our private judgment, to reach that conclusion – especially on the basis of media reports. The Church has a process, and we need to respect that.

Adding a dose of confusion to the mix, Pope Francis offered a Mass in suffrage of Fr. Hamel’s soul – that is, at least, how the Vatican web site people entitled the Holy Father’s reflection for that day. Now, when you offer Mass for someone, it’s because you are not sure that they are in heaven yet and want to try to help them along. But at that Mass, the Pope preached in such a way as to give the impression that Père Hamel was certainly a martyr and certainly already in heaven; he said, “May [Fr. Hamel], from Heaven — we ought to pray to him, because he is a martyr! Martyrs are blessed, and we should pray to him — give us the meekness, brotherhood, peace, and also the courage to speak the truth.” I guess the Mass was not offered for him, then – maybe the Holy Father had another intention, perhaps in thanksgiving for Fr. Hamel’s martyrdom. Only God knows for sure.

Following that Mass and those words, many surmised that the Holy Father’s intention was simply to dispense with usual procedures (as he is wont to do) and declared Fr. Hamel a Blessed on the spot. Now, keep in mind, Popes do not effect juridical acts, such as promulgating a solemn teaching or declaring someone a Blessed or Saint, in the context of a daily Mass homily. Therefore, ever since that declaration this situation has been crying out, as it were, for further clarification. (There are also the reports, repeated in the article linked below, that the Holy Father had encourage that Fr. Hamel’s photo be displayed for devotion in churches.)

Well now – I suppose, to help resolve some of the confusion (maybe?) – we have a report today that walks things back a bit. The Archbishop of Rouen is saying that the Holy Father has waived the usual five year waiting period to start a cause for beatification and canonization. The logical conclusion would be: Fr. Hamel is not yet a “Blessed”, but the Pope’s personal opinion is that he is and wants him to be, and has streamlined that official process by waiving the usual waiting period. But again, the article repeats the fact that Pope Francis encouraged the display of Fr. Hamel’s photo for devotion. (Incidentally, in other circumstances, this could jeopardize a cause for canonization because it could be seen as “rigging it” by artificially fomenting a cult of devotion, rather than verifying one organically.)

When I was recently in Rome, I saw Fr. Hamel’s photo displayed in the French church there (San Luigi dei Francesi), and I’m sure it is displayed in many parishes in France. So some places are already honoring him as a Blessed, on the basis of the Holy Father’s declarations, even while the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints works with the Archdiocese of Rouen to formalize all of that. It’s all rather messy, but that’s where things stand. All holy martyrs, pray for us!

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Helpful Thoughts on Marian Consecration

I made a total consecration to Mary, using St. Louis de Montfort’s guide for doing so, in preparation for my priestly ordination (I timed it so that it would end on the day I was ordained). More recently, I’ve been thinking about doing that form of consecration again. In that regard, I came across these helpful words about distinguishing between “total” consecration and other forms. This comes from the book, Mary and the Priestly Ministry, pages 50-53:

It goes without saying that Mary is not the ultimate goal of consecration to her. God alone is our final goal. But actual practice demonstrates, and traditional teaching indicates that total consecration to Mary is the best way to attain our purpose in life.

We are speaking here of a true consecration. There are pious practices called “consecrations to Mary” which are more a self-seeking than a self-giving. One consecrates a child to Mary or one consecrates oneself to Mary at the time of First Communion or at the end of a parish mission, but it is for the purpose of getting her special protection. Father Zucchi’s well-known act of consecration to Mary is an example. After devoutly stating to the Blessed Virgin: “I consecrate to you my eyes, my ears, my mouth, my entire person,” the prayer concludes, “Because I belong to you, O my good Mother, guard me and defend me as your possession and your property.” It is a most legitimate request, one that pleases the Blessed Virgin and Our Lord, but it is not a donation properly speaking. It is more like a contract—Do ut des (I give so that you may give in return)—than a gratuitous gift. Properly speaking, consecration means giving oneself to Mary without any expectation of a return. It is made to please her and to further her interests above all.

[…]

Whatever form of total consecration one chooses, it is important that it be lived. This means that one no longer conducts oneself as proprietor and master of self, of what one has and of what one does, but as someone who belongs completely and irrevocably to Mary…. It means that one does what Mary wants one to do.

* * *

Here is a good version of St. Louis de Montfort’s total consecration to Mary.

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Making Prayer a Priority

I have been thoroughly enjoying Cardinal Sarah’s book, God or Nothing, during my retreat this week. And I feel the need to share the following excerpt on prayer (pp. 120-122):

* * *

How would you describe this life of prayer that you speak about so often?

Each one of us absolutely must schedule time for prayer each day and build up his prayer life. How? I will tell you a little story that offers food for thought.

One day an elderly professor was hired to provide training in efficient time management to a group of fifteen heads of major businesses…. While standing, he looked at them one by one, slowly, and then told them: “We are going to do an experiment.” From beneath the table, the professor brought an enormous pot holding several gallons, which he gently placed in front of him. Then he held up a dozen rocks, each about the size of a tennis ball, and gently placed them one by one into the big pot. When the pot was filled to the brim and it was impossible to add another rock, he looked up at his students and asked them, “Is the pot full?” They all answered, “Yes.” He waited a few seconds and added: “Really?” Then he bent down again and brought out from under the table a container filled with gravel. He meticulously poured this gravel onto the big rocks and then gently stirred the pot. The bits of gravel filtered between the rocks down to the bottom of the pot. The old professor looked up again at his listeners and repeated his question: “Is the pot full?” This time his brilliant students were beginning to understand his scheme. One of them answered: “Probably not!” “Right!” the old professor replied. Again he bent down and this time brought some sand from under the table. He poured it into the pot. The sand settled into the spaces between the big rocks and the gravel. Once again he asked: “Is the pot full?” This time, in chorus and without hesitating, the students answered: “No!” “Right!” the old professor replied. And as the students expected, he took the pitcher of water that was on the table and filled the pot to the very brim. Then the old professor said: “What important truth does this experiment demonstrate for us?” The boldest of the students, who was no slouch, thought of the subject of the course and answered: “It demonstrates that even when we think that our agenda is completely full, we can always add more meetings and more things to do if we really want to.” “No,” the old professor replied, “That is not it! The important truth that this experiment demonstrates for us is the following: if you do not put the big rocks into the pot first, you will never be able to make them all fit later.” There was a profound silence, each one becoming aware of the obvious truth of these remarks. The old professor then told them: “What are the big rocks in your life? Your health, your family, your friends, your dreams, your professional career? What you need to remember is the importance of putting the big rocks into your life first; otherwise you run the risk of failing to do so. If we give priority to junk—the gravel, the sand—we will fill our life with futility, with unimportant, worthless things, and we will no longer have the time

to devote to the important things. So do not forget to ask yourself the question: What are the big rocks in my life? Then, put them first into the pot of your daily routine.”…

Is prayer one of the big rocks in my life? I answer without hesitation: Prayer truly must be the big rock that has to fill the pot of our life. It is the time when we do nothing else but be with God. It is the precious time in which everything is done, everything is regenerated, and God acts to configure us to himself.

* * *

This is just one snippet of the treasure trove of wisdom and sound doctrine found in this excellent book. I strongly encourage its reading by all. And more than that, that all act upon the anecdote that is written above, and make prayer the big rock of your life!

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Is Père Hamel a Martyr?

An image that I find strangely comforting even as I find it haunting. And that I shared on social media today. Prematurely? I hope not!

An image that I find strangely comforting even as I find it haunting. And that I shared on social media today. Prematurely? I hope not!

Is Father Hamel a martyr? I would like to think so – and I have certainly thought so today. But in the end I cannot say for sure. I wonder if we may still need to pray for his soul also.

How do we know if someone is a martyr? The book released by the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints, entitled “Le Cause dei Santi” (Causes of the Saints), lists three conditions that the Church has for the category of martyrdom. They are:

1. A violent death (whether instantaneous or prolonged);

2. Being killed in odium fidei (in hatred of the faith) — whether in hatred of the faith as such, or in hatred of some key aspect of it that contradicts the fundamental principles of the killers’ religion;

3. A voluntary acceptance of death (which does not exclude trying to save one’s life — indeed, we should try to preserve our life). This can be difficult to ascertain.

The fulfillment of conditions numbers one and two seems clear.

But what about number three?

I think we know that Fr. Hamel initially tried to resist and/or defend himself. What I am not sure we know is whether he gave some sign of voluntarily accepting his death in the end — such as, perhaps: by vocally forgiving his killers, or by crying out “Vive le Christ Roi!” (Long live Christ the King) while being killed, or by some other sign (there are many possibilities). Maybe we will find this out… maybe not.

This is just a brief summary of a complex category; there is much more that could be said. In the end, I remain hopeful that Fr. Hamel is a martyr, even while I whisper a prayer for his repose.

Eternal rest grant unto him, O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon him. May his soul and the souls of all the faithful departed, through the mercy of God, rest in peace. Amen.

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