I was on an airplane this evening, and in thinking back on it I am reminded of the absurdity of the idea that a pilot should face his passengers while flying the plane. How could he lead them to their destination safely if he were looking at them instead of where the plane was going?
Here follow some scattered thoughts…
Recently I read an interesting commentary (in Italian) on what happened not too long after the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), ushering in the near-universal change in the direction that the priest faced during Mass. While for many centuries priests generally faced “away from” (or, perhaps more accurately, “in the same direction as”) the people, now he turned and faced his congregation. Along with the change came ideological sloganeering that led countless people to hold the idea (uncritically) that in the past – in the “bad old days”, that is – the priest “had his back to the people“, as if priests then were rude elitists, and now a great injustice had finally been set aright.
The thing is, this change was never legislated by the Church. Never! There was never a decree from a Pope that said “all priests must face their congregations during the celebration of Holy Mass” or anything of the sort. There was never a decree from a lower-level authority (such as the then-Congregation for Rites). There was never a mention of this change in even a single document of the Second Vatican Council! This was a change that was imposed not through any legitimate exercise of Church authority but through the victory of an ideological agenda that found resonance in a certain cultural context. It was, so to speak, the wrong idea at the right time.
So this commentary that I read asked the question: How did this happen? What was it about our culture in the West in the 1960s and early 1970s that so eagerly received a change that, in fact, had been proposed not by Church authority but by some academics and activists who, for whatever reason, asserted that this was the way things should be done in the modern era, bucking centuries of tradition?
There are a lot of possible answers to this question, and not having access to the article I read I won’t post the author’s particular answer at this time, because I am afraid that I will not do it justice. But I have an answer of my own: Arrogance.
Our time has been marked by an incredible arrogance that asserts that after however many thousands (or even millions) of years that human beings have been on this earth, we have finally figured out the right way to do things in this current time. Either the past had it all wrong, or – if we subscribe to the very prevalent idea that the truth is relative – then the truth for our current time is different from the truth for past times.
There are many examples that we could give, ranging from big current issues like gay “marriage” to seemingly-smaller issues like changing the direction of our worship (thereby throwing out centuries of tradition in favor of a fad).
Our time is marked by a certain contempt for the past and the claims that it makes on us.
The questions that I have on this Roman evening are: How much do these attitudes affect us – you and me? What “slogans” do we take for granted and have not thought critically about?
The idea that the priest used to celebrate Mass “with his back to the people” is ridiculous. It is to laugh. What a mockery of the Church that Christ founded! What a negative spin on things! What a self-insult! – for those who say such things insult their own intelligence and critical thinking skills.
The purpose of this post is not to propose an apologetic for the priest’s celebrating Mass facing “with the people” (or “away from” the people) – i.e., the way that priests celebrated Mass for centuries (and still are permitted to do without any permission from anyone whatsoever). Perhaps I will post that on another day.
No, the point of this post is to encourage all who profess the Catholic faith to love the Church, embrace her, try to understand her, give the benefit of the doubt… Not buy the negative spin, not reject her (implicitly), reject her traditions, speak contemptuously about them, and otherwise be anti-intellectual when it comes to our heritage. As Blessed Cardinal Newman said, “Trust the Church of God…”.
There are very good reasons why the priest almost always, until not all that long ago, celebrated Mass that way. Besides being good reasons, they are even beautiful.
Again, does it make sense for a pilot to be seated facing his passengers!?